Bahasa Inggris - Descriptive/ Elephant

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Kompetensi
  • Siswa dapat mengidentifikasikan makna gagasan dalam wacana: gagasan utama, informasi faktual, informasi rinci, makna kata, frasa, dan kalimat

  • Siswa dapat menggunakan dengan tepat: kalimat bentuk simple present tense, descriptive adjectives , huruf ejaan, dan tanda baca.

  • Siswa dapat menggunakan berbagai sub keterampilan dalam membaca.

  • Siswa dapat mengidentifikasi langkah retorika teks berbentuk descriptive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Materi
 
Generic Structure
Materi ini menjelaskan tentang teks descriptive , yaitu teks yang mempunyai ciri kebahasaan (grammar) menggunakan kalimat Present Tense dan mempunyai langkah retorika yaitu Identification-Description serta mempunyai fungsi sosial (social function) untuk menggambarkan manusia maupun suatu benda secara mendetail, (to describe parts, qualities and characteristics).

Materi ini dilengkapi dengan latihan dan tes yang cukup banyak dan bervariasi sehingga siswa dapat memperoleh kesempatan berlatih yang cukup banyak tentang penggunaan Present Tense and adjectives dalam kaitannya dengan teks descriptive.

Key words:

descriptive text, identification- description, present tense, adjective

 

Descriptive Text

Descriptive is to describe a particular person, place or thing. It means you describe their colors, shapes, sizes, weight, height, width, density, contents, and so on. In writing the text, you use the Simple Present Tense.

The structure of the text is:

  • Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described.

  • Description : describes parts, qualities and characteristics

 

 
Reading Comprehension



Vocabulary



Reading Comprehension



 
Grammar Present Tense

Remember the patterns of Present Tense with be : statements, subject pronouns

How do you get information?

  1. We use the Simple Present to talk about things in general , or something happens all the time or repeatedly, or something is true in general . It is not important whether the action is happening at the time of speaking or not.

Subject

Is/ am/ are

Object/ Complement

Robert/He

Liana/She

Bali / It

Robert and Liana/ They

A snake/ It

The boys/ They

I

is

is

is

are

is

are

am

a student

helpful

in Indonesia

students

a wild animal

very educated people

the only child

Robert, Liana, Bali and a snake are nouns. He, She, It, I and They are subject pronouns for these nouns. Robert and Liana , and the boys are plural subjects. A student=one person, students= more than one person. Nouns, adjectives , and places can come after be.

                

       A snake is a wild animal                    The boys are very educated people           I am the only child


Grammar Present Tense

THE SIMPE PRESENT TENSE : POSITIVE

Positive: I + Verb + Object / Complement
  We
  You
  They
  He + Verb using - s/ -es + Object / Complement
  She
  It

Time Signal (ts) = every ..................

For the example :

I
eat
breakfast
every morning
S
+ Verb
+ O/C
+ ts
She
follows
an English course
every Saturday
S
+ Verb (s/es)
+ O/C
+ ts

Am, are and is as the three forms of the verb be are in the Simple Present Tense . Contractions between subject pronouns and am, are , and is appear in informal usage. A contraction always contains an apostrophe (‘), which represents the omitted missing letter.

Singular (one)
Plural (more than one)
I
am
We
are
You
are
You
are
He/She/It
is
They
are

Formal :
Conversational :
I am
I`m
He is
He`s
She is
She`s
It is
It`s
We are
We`re
You are
You`re
They are
They`re

Grammar Present Tense

  1. The verb after she, he, it (3 rd person singular) has a final -s
Subject
Verb
Object
Complement
Time Signal

A zebra

has

four legs

-
-

Giraffes

eat

leaves

-
-

Imelda

speaks

English

with her mom
everyday

I

sleep

-

-
every night

A zebra has four legs Giraffes eat leaves Imelda speaks English with her mom everyday I sleep every night

 

PRESENT TENSE USING ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY : ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER

Adverbs of frequency come between the subject and the Simple Present  verb :

Subject +
Always
+ Verb
Usually
Often
Sometimes
Rarely
Seldom
Never

Adverbs of frequency sometimes come either at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.

For examples:

  • Sometimes I get up at 7:00

  • I sometimes get up at 7:00

  • I get up at 7:00 sometimes

always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never
100%
99-90%
90-75%
75-25%
25-10%
10-1%
0%

always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, rarely , and never are called adverbs of frequency

Examples:

  • Pesta always comes to class on time.

  • Liana usually comes to class.

  • We often watch TV at night.

  • I sometimes drink juice at dinner.

  • I seldom go to movies.

  • Robert rarely makes a mistake.

  • I never eat fresh peaches.

Grammar Present Tense

How do you ask questions?

1. The Simple Present Tense: Yes/ No questions

Is/ Are/ Does/ Do

Subject

Verb

Object/ Complement

Is

Are

Does

Do

the animal

those animals

the giraffe

the penguins

-

-

eat

live

rare?

tame?

leaves?

in the South Pole?


Is the animal rare?

Are those animals tame?

Does the giraffe eat leaves?

Do the penguins live in South Pole?

 

 

 

2. The Simple Present: Asking Questions with what, where

Question word

Is/ are/ does/ do

Subject

Verb

What

What

Where

is

does

does

a zebra

he

Pesta

like?

look like?

live?


 

 

 
Grammar Comparison

Remember the patterns of Comparison

  1. When you describe people, animals or things, you use adjectives. Sometimes there are two or more adjectives. We put the adjectives in this order.

How big (size)

How old (age)

What color (color)

Noun

  • A tall
  • A long
  • young
  • new
  • black
  • white
  • man
  • chair

 
A tall
 
A long
Young
New
Black
White
Man
Chair
  1. When we use adjectives to compare two people, animals or things, we use the following pattern.

 

We use –er for the comparative degree of short adjectives. We use –er with one-syllable adjective and some two-syllable adjectives. For examples:

  • Big-bigger,

  • hot-hotter,

  • clever-cleverer,

  • easy-easier,

  • busy-busier,

  • funny-funnier, and

  • lucky-luckier .

We use more in front of adjectives that have two or more syllables, (except adjectives that end in –y) . For example: interesting-more interesting, beautiful-more beautiful, difficult-more difficult.

  1. We use –est to form the superlative degree of the adjectives. In general, we use –est for shorter words with some two-syllable adjectives. For example: long-the longest, hot-the hottest, easy-the easiest and hard-the hardest.

We use most for the long words with three-syllable adjectives. For example: most carefully, most comfortable

There are five irregular comparative and superlative forms:

Adjectives/ adverbs
Comparative
Superlative
good
better
best
bad
worse
worst
little
less
least
many, much
more
most
far
farther, further
farthest, furthest

 

 
Adjective

Order of descriptive adjectives

Sometimes we use two or more adjectives together:

Pesta lives in a nice new house.

In the kitchen there was a beautiful large round wooden table

Adjectives like new/large/round/wooden are fact adjectives . They gives us objective information about something ( age, size, color, etc ). Adjectives like nice/beautiful are opinion adjectives . They tell us what someone thinks of something. Opinion adjectives usually go before fact adjectives. Examples are as follows:

Evaluation/Opinion

Appearance

Age

Color

Origin

  • Good
  • Bad
  • Ugly
  • Interesting
  • Nice
  • Intelligent

 

Size/measure

  • Big
  • Small

Shape

  • Round
  • Square
  • Triangular

Condition

  • Chipped
  • Broken
  • Rotten
  • Old
  • Young
  • New
  • Antique

 

  • Red
  • Green
  • Blue
  • Bright green
  • Dark blue
  • Deep purple

 

 

Geographical

  • French
  • Italian
  • Japanese

Material

  • Wooden
  • Vegetable
  • Cotton
  • Brass

 

 

 
 
Simulasi
 
Latihan
 
Reading Comprehension

Latihan

Read carefully text below.

One of the most interesting animals in the zoo is the elephant. This animal may be 3 or 4 meters tall. The weight may be 5 or 6 tons.

The elephant of flesh is wrapped in a wrinkled suit of rough gray skin. Its legs are like pillars. Its huge ears flap gently back and forth like wings. It may consume up to 200 kg of grass a day. It is fond of banana plants, gingers, and leaves of various plants. Look at the long trunk. When you throw some peanuts, the trunk picks up the peanuts with the ‘fingers` at the tip of the trunk. Then, the huge beast will put it into its mouth and eat it happily. The elephant is also remarkable for its tusks. Tusks are long teeth that continue to grow throughout its life. The number of these animals, however, has decreased a lot. More and more of them are killed for their tusks. Many die because trees in their forest have been cut down. They cannot find food and protection in the forest anymore. If people aren`t able to save them, these animals, sooner or later, may vanish from the earth.

Task 1: Match the question and the answer below by click A, B, C, D and E

Task2: Find in the text the English equivalents of the following words:

Read carefully text below.

I have friends. Their names are Ari and Ario. Almost everyone who meets them thinks they are twins , because they look similar and are always together. In fact, they are not twins but only friends. When they go out to work , everyone in his profession knows and respects them. They work as a team. Ari is a journalist and Ario is a photographer.

They both work for a famous picture magazine. Ari writes the articles and Ario takes a pictures. They do not only cover the domestic events but foreign ones as well . So the magazine often sends them all over the world to cover important events. They have won many awards. Because of their good achievement in their profession, many famous magazines and newspapers offer them good positions, but they refuse. They want to devote themselves entirely to the magazine where they are working now. They are really a solid team.

If the statement is true click the answer True and if the statement is false click the answer False!

Match the question and the answer below by click and drag a,b,c,d and e

 

 
Grammar Present Tense